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     Farms and Mosquito Control | Web Resources | Warren County Ag Resources |Tax Information for Farmers

bulletFrom the IRS: Ten Things to Know about Farm Income and Deductions
bullet Farmer's Tax Guide (a PDF document on the IRS website)
bulletWhere Can I find the Sales Tax regulation devoted to farming activities?
Answer: The Sales Tax regulation devoted to farming activities is found in the PA Code.

4/4/13 Riverview Farms, owned and operated by David and Marjorie Manning, was honored as the 2012 Conservation Farm of the Year. This is an award given annually to a producer or landowner who has shown outstanding efforts to conserve and improve natural resources on an active farm. David and his family have implemented conservation practices on their 450-acre farm such as heavy use area protection, a complete rotational grazing system where all their pigs, chickens and cattle are pastured and raised naturally without hormones, steroids or antibiotics. The Manning family also grows numerous vegetable crops which are sold locally.

In the picture, David Manning and his son accept the award from WCCD Chairman David Miller.  Source: Times Observer

More: 2012 Warren County Conservation district Educator of the year award announced

"Know Your Farmer, Know Your Food" Project Launches Website
Know Your FarmerThe U.S. Department of Agriculture launched a new website for the "Know Your Farmer, Know Your Food" initiative.

In response to the ongoing national conversation about developing local and regional food systems, the website was formed to support small and mid-sized farms. The new website is a USDA-wide effort to create new economic opportunities by better connecting consumers with local producers. Visit the Know Your Farmer, Know Your Food website.


CLICK HERE to access Pennsylvania Association for Sustainable Agriculture's 2013 Field Days and Intensive Learning Program schedule

Ten Things to Know about Farm Income and Deductions 
If you have a farming business, there are several tax issues to consider before filing your federal tax return.  The IRS has compiled a list of 10 things that farmers may want to know.

  1. Crop Insurance Proceeds You must include in income any crop insurance proceeds you receive as the result of crop damage. You generally include them in the year you receive them.
  2. Sales Caused by Weather Related Condition If you sell more livestock, including poultry, than you normally would in a year because of weather-related conditions, you may be able to postpone reporting the gain from selling the additional animals due to the weather until the next year.
  3. Farm Income Averaging  You may be able to average all or some of your current year's farm income by allocating it to the three prior years. This may lower your current year tax if your current year income from farming is high, and your taxable income from one or more of the three prior years was low. This method does not change your prior year tax, it only uses the prior year information to determine your current year tax.
  4. Deductible Farm Expenses  The ordinary and necessary costs of operating a farm for profit are deductible business expenses.  An ordinary expense is an expense that is common and accepted in the farming business. A necessary expense is one that is appropriate for the business.
  5. Employees and Hired Help  You can deduct reasonable wages paid for labor hired to perform your farming operations. This includes full-time and part-time workers. You must withhold social security, medicare and income taxes on employees.
  6. Items Purchased for Resale  You may be able to deduct, in the year of the sale, the cost of items purchased for resale, including livestock and the freight charges for transporting livestock to the farm.
  7. Net Operating Losses  If your deductible expenses from operating your farm are more than your other income for the year, you may have a net operating loss. You can carry that loss over to other years and deduct it. You may get a refund of part or all of the income tax you paid for past years, or you may be able to reduce your tax in future years.
  8. Repayment of Loans  You cannot deduct the repayment of a loan if the loan proceeds are used for personal expenses. However, if you use the proceeds of the loan for your farming business, you can deduct the interest that you pay on the loan.
  9. Fuel and Road Use You may be eligible to claim a credit or refund of federal excise taxes on fuel used on a farm for farming purposes.
  10. Farmer's Tax Guide  More information about farm income and deductions is in IRS Publication 225, Farmer's Tax Guide, which is available at or by calling the IRS at 800-TAX-FORM (800-829-3676).
Big Horn RanchBig Horn Ranch: Grassfed Meats and Farm Restoration Services Helping farms capitalize from nature's cycle.  Big Horn offers grass-fed beef and pork, livestock sales, soil fertility services, farm design consultation, and brush abatement.

3/02/2013 Big Horn Ranch Conservation Services has unveiled a new website dedicated to helping farmers audit the nutrient assets of their farms. A farm's number one attribute is the health of its soil. The goal of these audits is to help producers realize the monetary value of their manure nutrients in order to reduce OR ELIMINATE fertilizer bills, lessen impact on the environment, and improve long term soil health. Visit to let a Big Horn Ranch Nutrient Management Plan increase the bottom line of your agricultural operation.


Building Sustainable Farms, Ranches and Communities: Federal Programs for Sustainable Agriculture, Forestry, Entrepreneurship, Conservation and Community Development
SARESustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) offers a free on-line guide for anyone seeking help from federal programs to foster innovative enterprises in agriculture and forestry in the United States. Specifically, the guide addresses program resources in community development; sustainable land management; and value-added and diversified agriculture and forestry. Thus, it can help farmers, entrepreneurs, community developers, conservationists, and many other individuals, as well as private and public organizations, both for-profit and not-for-profit.

The guide can also help USDA and other agency employees become aware and take better advantage of the enormous array of federal programs and resources available to their clients in supporting agricultural and forestry innovations. This edition constitutes the guide's fifth printing and third complete update, incorporating programs from the 2008 Farm Bill.  Visit: to access this guide and links to other resources

Farms and mosquito control
MosquitoPonds and natural pools that livestock drink from may become serious mosquito-breeding areas. Animal waste adds nutrients to the water that benefit mosquitoes, and hoof prints create puddles where mosquitoes may be isolated from predators. If feasible, fence animals out of ponds and create a single access area. This keeps the animals from trampling the entire edge, although if too much room is left between the pond and fence, animals may still create ruts. Paving the access point can reduce puddles, but be sure to provide good footing for the animals. Weed control reduces hiding places for mosquitoes. It may be necessary to treat these ponds regularly with a biological larvicide or to introduce insect-eating fish if they are not already present. However, do not introduce fish unless the pond is man-made and isolated from natural waters.

Troughs and other containers that provide water for animals can easily become a source of mosquitoes. The ground surface around the troughs often becomes roughened by animal hooves, producing hundreds of small water pockets. Permanently correct this potential source of mosquitoes by providing drainage or paving the area. Temporary improvement can be had by flushing out the water every week if drainage outside the trough area is good, or by treating the water with a biological larvicide. Do not add chemical insecticide to water that livestock may drink. Clean cattle tanks and watering troughs regularly to prevent mosquitoes from multiplying.

You can Help Fight the Bite!


Empty Standing Water around your home


Wear long sleeves and pants


Remember to apply DEET bug repellant


Report Freshly Dead Birds


Horse owners: Vaccinate your horses!


If you have large numbers of mosquitoes around your home, have us come check it

West Nile Virus Contact Information (61k)

Mosquito Life History (58k)

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bulletWarren County Agriculture Resources
adapted from Services for Agricultural Producers
bulletTax Questions
bulletResources on
bulletWeb Links of Interest to Farmers
bulletPenn State Websites

SUCCESS STORY: Warren County Future of Ag Program
"Two years ago, the Warren County agricultural community found itself in need of help. Farming businesses as well as the county’s economic base was in a decline. The agricultural community and consumers were in need of a healing process regarding an issue with use of local farmland. Government officials, consumers, farmers, and agency personnel got together to address these problems through the Future of Agriculture program. The main goals of the effort were to help small family farms remain while retaining their quality of life, county wide economic development, and consumer appreciation of local agriculture and their concerns."

Ag Map - a Penn State websiteA Penn State website offering free directory listings for producers. Includes a database of agricultural business listings, the latest news and a way of connecting and sharing with other growers, producers and business owners

Links on the WarrenAg website

bulletJust Cows
Web Resources for Dairy and Beef Producers
bulletMade in Warren County - Maple Syrup (includes information for producers via the Penn State Extension website.)

Web Links of Interest to Farmers

bulletAgChoice Farm Credit
Provides financing and related services to rural Pennsylvania.
bullet Center for Farm Transitions
A new PA initiative, the "Center for Farm Transitions" will provide information to help new farmers take over existing operations by identifying niche market opportunities and business plans.
bulletThe Center for Rural Pennsylavania
A legislative branch of the Pennsylvania General Assembly.  It includes access to rural demographics, fact sheets, grant programs, and grant projects.
bullet Cooperative Extension in Warren County
Learn about the educational programs the Penn State Cooperative Extension provide for farmers, you, family living and community development
bullet The Role of Production Agriculture in the Warren County Economy
bullet Living Science Web
Information on food, agriculture and natural resources careers with the USDA.  Each year they need new college graduates to fill 50,000 jobs in the food, agricultural and natural resource system.

National Pork Board

Information for producers, consumers, news, and many other links

bullet PAgrows
A service of the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture, this website specializes in helping farmer, food processors, farmers market operators, and other agribusinesses put all of the pieces of the lending puzzle together. Many links for borrowers, lenders, grants and loans are available.
bullet PA Preferred
The Pennsylvania Preferred™ program assists Pennsylvania farmers by encouraging consumers to purchase Pennsylvania products.
bullet PASA - Pennsylvania Association for Sustainable Agriculture
Pennsylvania Association for Sustainable Agriculture (PASA) is a nonprofit organization working to improve the economic and social prosperity of Pennsylvania food and agriculture. We work with the farmers that grow our food, the consumers that eat the food, and those concerned with the ecological well-being of our environment and natural resources.
bullet Penn Soil Resource Conservation and Development (RC&D) Council
The mission of this organization is to provide the local leadership necessary to develop and implement a plan that will improve the economy, environmental and social well-being of the people through accelerated planning and development of the natural resources in the project area consisting of Clarion, Crawford, Erie, Forest, Lawrence, Mercer, Venango and Warren Counties.
bullet Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture
Includes links to market reports, PDA initiatives, regional services, news and upcoming agricultural events.
     PDA Region 1 Contact Information
bullet Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture at Marketplace for the Mind
Links to information about Ag organizations, PA Ag Statistics, and agencies related to Ag in Pennsylvania.
bulletPennsylvania Farm Bureau
PFA provides farmers information on legislative issues, financial programs and agriculture statistics.
bulletSustainable Agriculture Research and Education
SARE provides grants and information to improve profitability, stewardship, and quality of life.
bulletWarren County Fair - August 5-13, 2006


bulletAgMap - Promoting Pennsylvania Agriculture. 
Includes a database of agricultural business listings, the latest news and a way of connecting and sharing with other growers, producers and business owners.
bullet Agromedicine at Penn State
Agromedicine is a partnership of health and agricultural professionals, which promotes the health and safety of agricultural producers, workers, their families and consumers of agricultural products. Agromedicine addresses the health and safety concerns of agriculture, including forestry and fisheries, through collaboration of colleges of agricultural science and medicine and their partners.
bulletDairy and Animal Science at
Newsletters, publications, 4-H programs, animal science programs, ag events and more.
bulletFuture of Warren County Agriculture (from PSU Publications and Other Resources)
The following are direct links to the publications on the PSU Publications website
bullet Survey instrument (Word document)
bullet Complete survey results (note: this Word file is > 1.5 MB in size)
bullet Executive summary of survey results (Word document)
bulletPesticide Education Program
The Pesticide Education Program strives to educate all pesticide applicators and users across the Commonwealth about pest management alternatives, including the safe, proper, and legal use of pesticides. The program promotes responsible decision-making, which will protect pesticide users, public health, plant and animal health, and the environment.
bulletPublications - College of Agricultural Sciences
Publications, newsletters, Pennsylvania Impact Sheets, video tapes and more available from the Pennsylvania State University College of Agricultural Sciences
Do you have a favorite agriculture website to share?  Send it to


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Copyright © 2010  Future of Warren County Agriculture Task Force. All rights reserved.
Updated:  02/05/10